北へ行くほど寒くなるって英語でなんて言うの?

なぜ北海道や東北では雪が多く降るのか質問されたので、日本では一般的に北へ行くほど(または緯度が高くなるほど)寒くなるのですよ。と説明したい。
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KAZUさん
2017/11/26 22:17
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回答
  • The northern extremities of Japan are colder

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  • The further north you go, the colder it gets

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"the more...the more " = We use this construction when talking about the increasing effect of something due to progression,.
"The higher you go, the cooler it gets."
"The more clothes you wear, the hotter you will feel."
"The less food you eat, the thinner you will become."
Extremity = the furthermost point of something.
"The extremities of the body are the first to feel the effects of the cold."
"the more...the more " = ...すればするほど~だ

この表現を使うのは、成長によって物事の影響が大きくなっていることを話す時です。

例文
"The higher you go, the cooler it gets."
高いところへ行けば行くほど、寒くなる。

"The more clothes you wear, the hotter you will feel."
服をたくさん着れば着るほど、暖かくなる。

"The less food you eat, the thinner you will become."
食べる量を減らせば減らすほど、痩せる。

Extremity = 物事の最も遠い点

例文
"The extremities of the body are the first to feel the effects of the cold."
体の先端は、寒さの影響を最初に感じる。
Ian W DMM英会話講師
回答
  • further north

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  • It's generally more cold the further north you go.

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further (direction) - the more distant, or far, you go in a certain direction

A. The further up I walk on this mountain, the more tired I'm getting.
B. Well, we can't turn back now. Let's just take a break at the next clearing!
A. I can't feel my legs.
B. Yikes!
further (方角) - 特定の方角でさらに遠くに

【例文】
A. The further up I walk on this mountain, the more tired I'm getting.(この山は登れば上るほど疲れる)
B. Well, we can't turn back now. Let's just take a break at the next clearing!(もう戻れないよ。次の休める場所で休憩をとろう!)
A. I can't feel my legs.(足の感覚がない)
B. Yikes!(ぎゃー!)
Chantelle DMM英会話講師
回答
  • The Northern side of Japan is the colder side.

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  • The more you go North, the colder it gets.

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▪ The Northern side of Japan is the colder side.
"northern side" is the North of Japan.
This means that the towns/cities in North Japan are colder than the southern, Western or eastern

▪ The more you go North, the colder it gets.
This indicates that the more you go to the north side of Japan it gets colder.
例文
▪ The Northern side of Japan is the colder side.
日本の北部は寒い地域です。

"northern side" は北日本のことです。

北日本の都市は南部、東部、西部と比較すると寒いということです。

例文
▪ The more you go North, the colder it gets.
北へ行けば行くほど寒くなる。

日本の北部へ行けば行くほど寒くなるということです。
Denton DMM英会話講師
回答
  • as you go north it get colder....

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  • Japan is quite temperate...but as you go north it get colder!

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Japan has a good selection of seasons and the chages are easily seen...
Generally temperate there is still some severe weather in the northern regions like Hokkaido and the Tohoku.
"Japan is quite temperate, but as you go north it gets colder!"
日本は季節の移り変わりが楽しめ、その変化がすぐに見られます。
北海道や東北のように北部では気温が厳しい気候です。

例文:
"Japan is quite temperate, but as you go north it gets colder!"
(日本はかなり温暖な気候ですが、北へ行くほど寒くなります。)
Scobie DMM英会話講師
回答
  • The farther north you go, the colder it gets.

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  • The climate is usually cooler the farther north you go.

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  • It's cooler north of here (there).

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The first two are general statements. The third could be used when referring to a specific place. The preposition "farther" is generally used for physical distances as opposed to "further" which generally is used for figurative distances. "Usually" means that there can be some exceptions.
最初の二つは一般的な言い方です。
三つ目は具体的な場所について使えます。

前置詞の "farther" は一般的に物理的な距離について使われます。
反対に、"further" は普通、比喩的な距離を表します。

"usually"(普通は)は、例外もあることを表します。
Jae C DMM英会話講師
回答
  • The farther north you go, the colder it gets in Japan.

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Farther is used to talk about physical distance (if it is metaphorical distance then we use further). 'The farther north' simply means 'the more north'. I would only add 'in Japan' if it wasn't clear from the context and the conversation that you are talking about Japan.
"Farther" は物理的な距離を表すのに使われます(比喩的な距離には、"Further" が使われます)。

'The farther north' はシンプルに 'the more north'(より北に)という意味です。

私なら 'In Japan' は、状況や会話から日本について話していることが明確でない場合にのみ使います。
Reagan DMM英会話講師
回答
  • It's colder in the Northern part of the region.

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  • The climate changes as you travel north, so you will experience cooler weather.

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I region is a way of describing an area. In this case, it would represent a geographical area. The region referred to is likely higher than the Southern area, and that explains the temperatures being colder.

Climate is the average of the measurements of temperature, wind, and other patterns related to weather over a period of time. The statement indicates that traveling north will result in experiencing changes in these weather patterns, and experiencing cold weather is more likely.
"Region" は「領域」を表す言葉です。ここでは「地域」を表しています。おっしゃっている地方はたぶん南の地域に比べて標高が高いのでしょう、それで気温が低いのだと思います。

"Climate" とは、長期間にわたる気温や風などの天気の傾向(=気候)をいいます。
この文では、北に行くにつれて気候が変わり、寒くなることが多いと伝えています。
Laurel DMM英会話講師
回答
  • It gets colder the farther North you go in Japan.

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  • The temperature becomes colder as you go North in Japan.

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To explain that it becomes colder the more North you go, you can say:
"It gets colder the farther North you go in Japan."
"The temperature becomes colder as you go North in Japan."
「北に行けば行くほど寒くなる」は次のように言えます。

"It gets colder the farther North you go in Japan."(日本では北に行けば行くほど寒くなる)

"The temperature becomes colder as you go North in Japan."(日本では北に行けば行くほど寒くなる)
Allex H DMM英会話講師
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